On 20 December 2019, after the Conservatives won the 2019 British general election, the House of Commons passed second reading of the withdrawal agreement with a 358-234 lead. Following the amendments proposed by the House of Lords and the ping-pong between the two houses, the bill was granted royal approval on 23 January 2020, allowing ratification on the British side.  Make sure you understand the regulatory impact of a UK-EU trade agreement on your business. DLA Piper can advise you if the results of the negotiations are clear. It contains several important amendments that reduce parliamentary control of the Brexit act and give the government the freedom to negotiate without Parliament`s approval. The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the political declaration and replaced the word „appropriate“ with „appropriate“ with respect to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a trade fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the amendment excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.  In addition, the Equal Competition Mechanism has been postponed from the legally binding withdrawal agreement to the political declaration, and the line of the political statement that „the United Kingdom will consider taking into account alignment with trade union rules in the relevant areas“ has been removed.  Deadlines for any discussion of the divorce bill, which removes the possibility of a debate until March 2021.
This is consistent with other clauses that remove any possibility of extending the transition period. In October 2019, the BRITISH government adopted the long-awaited European law (withdrawal agreement) (the „WAB“ in October). In October, the WAB reportedly ratified and implemented the UK`s EU withdrawal agreement. To that end, it would have supported a set of national constitutional reforms, given the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The withdrawal agreement provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020, during which time the UK will remain in the internal market, to ensure the smooth flow of trade until a long-term relationship is concluded. If no agreement is reached by then, the UK will leave the single market without a trade deal on 1 January 2021. The withdrawal agreement is closely linked to a non-binding political declaration on future relations between the EU and the UK. The removal of clauses that ignore the alignment of workers` rights with the EU. The government promised in the Queen`s speech on Thursday that workers` rights would instead be „protected and strengthened“ by an employment law. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union.
The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. The powers and rules of the withdrawal agreement to guarantee the rights of EU citizens will be implemented. The agreement defines the goods, services and processes associated with them. Any provision of goods or services legally put on the market before leaving the EU may be made available to consumers in the UK or in the EU Member States (Article 40-41). The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas: The agreement also provides for a transitional period that extends to 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies.